A program type to store data. Cameras use multiple file formats to store different types of media.
- RAW (Raw Binary Image Format): The Raw format is a flexible, cross-platform file format that allows users to include header information (file type, file creator, etc.) with files. This format supports up to 48-bit color information with no compression. Large file size.
- JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group): A standard, variable compression method for images. When users create a JPEG or convert an image from another format to a JPEG, they are asked to specify the quality of image desired. Since the highest quality results in the largest file, they can make a trade-off between image quality and file size.
- TIFF or TIF (Tagged Image File Format): TIFF is a flexible, bitmap image format supported by virtually all image software and computer platforms. Non- compressed, large file size.
- AVI (Audio Video Interleaved): A sound and motion picture file format that synchronizes audio and video.
- WAV or Wave File: A standard, uncompressed audio file format that interchanges between computer platforms (PC and Macintosh). In addition to audio data, the Wave format stores information on a number of tracks, mono or stereo, sample rate, and bit depth.