Bounce lighting

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Flash or tungsten light bounced off a reflector (such as the ceiling or walls) to give the effect of natural or available light.

Bracketing

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Taking additional pictures of the subject through a range of exposures—both lighter and darker—when unsure of the correct exposure.

Brightness

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The value of a pixel in an electronic image, representing its lightness value from black to white. Usually defined as brightness levels ranging in…

Buffer

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A temporary storage area usually held in RAM. The purpose of a buffer is to act as a temporary holding area for data that…

Bulb

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This is a long time exposure setting – shutter stays open for as long as you keep the shutter release button held down. Time…

Burst Mode

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The ability to rapidly capture images as long as the shutter button is held down. Also called Continuous frame capture.

Candid pictures

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Unposed pictures of people, often taken without the subject’s knowledge. These usually appear more natural and relaxed than posed pictures.

CCD

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Charge Coupled Device: one of the two main types of image sensors used in digital cameras. When a picture is taken, the CCD is…

Close-up

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A picture taken with the subject close to the camera— usually less than two or three feet away, but it can be as close…

Close-up lens

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A lens attachment placed in front of a camera lens to permit taking pictures at a closer distance than the camera lens alone will…

CMOS

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Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor: one of the two main types of image sensors used in digital cameras. Its basic function is the same as that…

Coated lens

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A lens covered with a very thin layer of transparent material that reduces the amount of light reflected by the surface of the lens….

Color Modes

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These allow photographers to control color saturation of the recorded image. There are three common types of color modes. Black & White: For dramatic…

Composition

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The pleasing arrangement of the elements within a scene and the main subject, the foreground, and background, and supporting subjects.