How To Use Tilt Shift Lens? – Your Ultimate Guide

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How To Use Tilt Shift Lens? - Your Ultimate Guide
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Tilt-shift lenses are a versatile tool that isn’t as intuitive as other kinds of lenses. But if you’re a fan of architecture, landscapes, and product photography, knowing how to use a tilt-shift lens is an essential skill to master! They offer creative possibilities that no other lens can provide.

What is a Tilt-Shift Lens?

A tilt-shift lens has a much more complex appearance than a standard interchangeable lens. But it’s fairly straightforward once you understand how the lens operates. There are two main features to master: the tilt and shift functions. By using the knobs located all around the lens barrel, you can lock, unlock, and make precise adjustments that let you adjust the image circle and plane of focus relative to the sensor.

How To Use Tilt Shift Lens? - Your Ultimate Guide

Image by Makalu from Pixabay

Tilt Function

The knobs marked T allow you to tilt the image focal plane relative to the sensor. With a normal camera lens, the plane of focus is always parallel to the sensor. If you have two subjects at different distances from the camera, you have two choices. You can either choose one or try stopping the lens aperture down (make the f/stop larger) enough to get them both in focus.

The tilt function also gives you a selective focus option that creates an ultra-shallow depth of field at a distance. You can create images that have two distinct out-of-focus zones for a miniaturization effect when shooting subjects. This creates a quasi-macro effect without the magnification that a real macro lens would provide.

Shift Function

Second, we have the shift function of the lens. By twisting the knobs marked S, we can adjust the lens so that it captures a slightly different framing of the scene. When you first see this in action, you might be wondering how this is possible, considering the camera doesn’t move at all.

All tilt-shift lenses create a significantly larger image circle than the camera sensor normally needs. This is a major reason why these lenses tend to be both larger and more expensive; they require far larger glass elements to function than a traditional full-frame or APS-C lens.

The exact amount of extra range depends on the lens in question; for the Canon TS-E 17L, you get 12mm of distance on each side. And being a wide-angle perspective, 12mm is quite a lot of room!

Normally when shooting a wide-angle scene, you might capture it by tilting your camera upwards. This creates the illusion of a wide base and narrowing perspective towards the top of the image.

But by shifting the lens itself but keeping the camera’s sensor level, you can correct for the perspective distortion that occurs when straight lines are viewed from ground level. The shift allows you to correctly capture the lines in architecture and landscape scenes without having to rely on software correction in post, which can rob you of resolution and edge details. Photoshop, Capture One, and other processing engines do a very good job of retaining detail. But for the highest quality jobs, a tilt-shift lens ensures you retain all of the original sensor data.

You can also create wide-angle panoramas using the shift function without having to move the sensor’s plane of focus at all. This means that the final stitched image is going to have much less distortion evident in the lines and subjects. If you try this using a typical normal or wide lens, you’re going to have more work to do in post to correct for this effect.

Also, remember that the lens can be rotated to shift both vertically and horizontally, opening up your panorama options substantially!

Photo by Omar Ramadan from Pexels

Uses for Tilt-Shift Lenses

So now that we understand how to use a tilt-shift lens let’s discuss what applications they are most effective with.

Architecture Photography

Tilt-shift lenses are a mandatory addition to the architectural photographer’s toolkit. The shift function carries a lot of use here because it allows you to keep straight lines straight without having to correct for perspective distortion in post. You might be thinking that perspective distortion correction in the post isn’t a very big deal.

But remember that you’re losing significant amounts of edge coverage, cropping the final image into something smaller than you actually captured. Plus, you’re losing sensor detail because the software has to stretch, adjust, and then recreate the new file, which it never does perfectly. Many professional architecture job listings will specifically require a tilt-shift lens or three in the photographer’s arsenal.

How To Use Tilt Shift Lens? - Your Ultimate Guide

Image by loveombra from Pixabay

How To Use Tilt Shift Lens? - Your Ultimate Guide

Image by ian kelsall from Pixabay

Landscape Photography

The shift function allows you to create ultra-high-resolution panoramas suitable for large format prints and other purposes. Remember that each frame you take in the panorama is using the full resolution of your camera’s sensor. And since the camera’s sensor isn’t being moved, you preserve the perspective that you’re viewing the scene with.

By selecting new focus points for each frame of the panorama you also get an effect similar to a focus-stacked image when shooting scenes that have more depth than the aperture could normally capture! If I’m shooting a photograph of a bridge that goes off into the distance, I can use a tilt-shift lens here.

My first image closest to me might be at f/8. And then I can capture a second in the middle of the bridge and a third in the far distance, all using f/8. Once I combine the three frames in the post, I’ll have a single fully corrected distortion image that’s razor-sharp from foreground to background!

Photo by Arnie Chou from Pexels

Photo by Sobolev Maksim on Unsplash

Product Photography

Tilt-shift lenses are especially useful in product photography. The tilt feature of the focal plane allows you to capture a group of items all at once in clear focus, even though they all will vary in distance from the camera.

But where tilt-shift lenses shine most strongly is in food photography! By using the selective focus of the tilt function, you can highlight portions of a dish in a semi-macro manner while still preserving the wide-angle perspective that these lenses can offer!

How To Use Tilt Shift Lens? - Your Ultimate Guide

Image by RitaE from Pixabay

How To Use Tilt Shift Lens? - Your Ultimate Guide

Image by Jiří Rotrekl from Pixabay

Recommended Tilt-Shift lenses

Canon TS-E 17mm f/4L

How To Use Tilt Shift Lens? - Your Ultimate Guide

The super-wide viewing angle enabled by this 17mm lens makes it a top choice for shooting skyscrapers from nearby city streets, where you physically can’t get as far back from the building as you might like. The same holds true for shooting architectural interiors, where space can be even more limited.

Product highlights

  • Mount: Canon EF
  • Tilt: +/-6.5 degrees
  • Shift: +/-12 degrees
  • Rotation: +/-90 degrees
  • Min focus distance: 0.25m
  • Max magnification ratio: 0.14x
  • Filter thread: None
  • Dimensions (W x L): 89x107mm
  • Weight: 820g

Nikon PC 19mm f/4E ED

How To Use Tilt Shift Lens? - Your Ultimate Guide

Nikon’s super-wide-angle 19mm is the top lens in the Perspective Control lens line-up. It enables you to alter the axis of the tilt function relative to the shift function on the fly, without needing to send the lens away to a Nikon service center to be reconfigured. In this respect, the new PC lens is more comparable to Canon’s TS-E lenses.  The 19mm focal length allows you to shoot tall buildings from a close distance and is also perfect for cramped architectural interiors.

Product highlights

  • Mount: Nikon F (FX)
  • Tilt: +/-7.5 degrees
  • Shift: +/-12 degrees
  • Rotation: +/-90 degrees
  • Min focus distance: 0.25m
  • Max magnification ratio: 0.18x
  • Filter thread: None
  • Dimensions (W x L): 89x124mm
  • Weight: 885g

Canon TS-E 24mm f/3.5L II

How To Use Tilt Shift Lens? - Your Ultimate Guide

The 24mm focal length of this lens works well for most architectural photography. The viewing angle is less than in the sibling TS-E 17mm but should prove sufficient even for shooting large buildings from a close distance. The amount of shift on hand should prove ample for correcting perspective, while the tilt range is a little more generous than in the 17mm lens.

Product highlights

  • Mount: Canon EF
  • Tilt: +/-8.5 degrees
  • Shift: +/-12 degrees
  • Rotation: +/-90 degrees
  • Min focus distance: 0.21m
  • Max magnification ratio: 0.34x
  • Filter thread: 82mm
  • Dimensions (W x L): 89x107mm
  • Weight: 780g

Nikon PC-E 24mm f/3.5D ED

How To Use Tilt Shift Lens? - Your Ultimate Guide

The viewing angle of a 24mm wide-angle lens is ideal for architectural photography from a natural distance, while the shift facility of this lens enables you to correct perspective and stop vertical edges from appearing to lean inwards.

Product highlights

  • Mount: Nikon F (FX)
  • Tilt : +/-8.5 degrees
  • Shift: +/-11.5 degrees
  • Rotation: +/-90 degrees
  • Min focus distance: 0.21m
  • Max magnification ratio: 0.37x
  • Filter thread: 77mm
  • Dimensions (W x L): 83x108mm
  • Weight: 730g

Canon TS-E 90mm f/2.8L Macro

How To Use Tilt Shift Lens? - Your Ultimate Guide

A focal length of around 90mm to 100mm is usually ideal for macro photography, as it enables a natural working distance of around 30cm between the focal plane and the subject. That distance extends to 39cm in this case, as the lens delivers a maximum magnification ratio of 0.5x instead of a full 1.0x, at its closest focus setting. Even so, that enables massive enlargements of tiny objects in close-up photography with tilt-shift enhancements capabilities.

Product highlights

  • Mount: Canon EF
  • Tilt : +/-10 degrees
  • Shift: +/-12 degrees
  • Rotation: +/-90 degrees
  • Min focus distance: 0.39m
  • Max magnification ratio: 0.5x
  • Filter thread: 77mm
  • Dimensions (W x L): 87x117mm
  • Weight: 915g

Samyang Tilt-Shift SYTS24-C 24mm f/3.5 Tilt-Shift Lens for Canon

Product highlights

  • 16 Glass elements in 11 Groups
  • Aperture Range: F3.5-22
  • Filter Size: 82mm
  • Minimum Focusing Distance: 7.87” (0.2m)
  • Maximum Diameter: 3.39” (86mm)
  • Maximum Tilt: +/– 8.5mm
  • Maximum Shift: +/– 12mm
  • Mount Rotation: 90° Right with 30° click stops (Tilt and & shift combined)
  • Tilt Rotation: 90° Left with 30 click-stops
  • Dimensions (W x L): 86×107-139mm
  • Weight: 646-749g

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Conclusion

Knowing how to use a tilt-shift lens opens up a vast array of creative possibilities that are difficult to impossible to achieve with a normal lens. While these are large and expensive additions to your bag, to me, they are very worth the investment. Because they offer something that can help your photography stand out from the rest of the pack!

On Budget?

Most tilt-shift Camera Lenses can be very expensive for a lot of people. However, Keh is a great option to get a used one at a reasonable price. Read the full review here.

Related posts

What Is The Tilt Shift Lens – Your Ultimate Guide

 

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4 Comments

  • A tilt-shift lens.  Very interesting…the camera doesn’t move, but the lens does.  And is very good for product and food photography.

    As a person who likes to cook and create everything from a sea bream roast to raw cheesecake, I really am noticing the need for something better than my mobile phone to take photos.  I have just invested in a Manfrotto tripod that has a fluid head and want to learn more about photography and videoing.

    So I shall watch out for your site….

    Thanks for sharing…

  • I am happy that you are giving insights about how to use Tilt Shift Lens.

    It gave me ideas of these types of photography lenses. Don’t laugh at me but it is just about three years now that I started posting in front of camera. I shied away because of some changes in my physical structure. Gigantism, to cut it short.

    But after finding out, within that year, I had an operation and my physical structure is coming back. Up to what point, my Endocrinologist don’t really know. 

    But going back to photography, I am posting now with that sweet smile and becoming interested in shooting photos. Thank you for posting about photography and tilt shift lens features that we, your readers, can consider when buying one. I think I need to grab mine.

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